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Lesson Plan Template

  • Grade

  • Subject

  • Section



Phonics and Word Recognition

  • Competency

Letter-sound associations

  • Aligned Standards

Reading: Foundational Skills

  • Strand


  • Vocabulary

Consonant Connections

Match Letters to Consonant Sounds

Prerequisite Skill

Materials and Preparation

  • Guided Practice Worksheet 

  • Independent Practice Worksheet 

  • Large cards (d, h, f) for introduction. 

  • Additional cards (a, t, p) for modeling. 

  • Card with the word "dog" for demonstration.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to match letters to their corresponding consonant sounds. Students will understand that words are composed of sounds represented by letters.


Begin by engaging students in a brief discussion about the importance of sounds in words. Introduce the concept that when we write, we use letters to represent the sounds in a word, and when we read, we sound out the letters in a word. Display three letter cards (d, h, f) and say the name of each letter. Ask students, "Which letter makes the /d/ sound?" Emphasize the key idea: "Words are made up of sounds." Present an example: "The letter 'd' makes the sound you heard in the word 'dog.'"

Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling

Present a question to the class, such as "What are words made of?" to initiate discussion. Show three letter cards (e.g., a, t, p) and ask students to identify the sound each letter makes. Use the key idea to reinforce the concept that letters represent sounds in words. Model the process of matching a letter to its consonant sound with an example word (e.g., cat).

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Guided Practice

Distribute the Guided Practice Worksheet: Match Letters to Consonant Sounds. In pairs or groups, students will circle the letters that match the consonant sounds provided.

Independent Practice

Distribute the Independent Practice Worksheet: Match Letters to Consonant Sounds. Students will match the given letters to the corresponding consonant sounds and then match those sounds to the appropriate pictures.



Offer additional support to students who may be struggling with the concept through small group or one-on-one assistance.


Challenge advanced students by introducing more complex words or incorporating a creative writing element.


Assess students based on their participation in class discussions, completion of the guided and independent practice worksheets, and performance on the exit ticket.

Review and closing

Summarize the main points of the lesson and remind students of the importance of matching letters to consonant sounds in reading and writing.


Address any confusion students may have regarding the relationship between letters and sounds. Reinforce the idea that letters represent specific sounds in words.

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