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# Lesson Plan

## Addition skill builders - Fluency - Adding 4

### First (1) - Math

### LEARNING TARGET

- Students will be able to explain the concept of addition and what the plus sign (+) represents.
- Students will be able to solve addition sentences adding 4.

### LEARNING PROGRESSION

###### PREREQUISITE SKILL

- Students will be able to define addition and the concept of adding 3.
- Students will be able to solve addition sentences adding 3.
- Students will be able to use manipulatives to represent addition sentences adding 3.

###### EXTENSION SKILL

Subtraction strategies - null

###### DURATION

- Introduction (5 minutes)
- Instruction (15 minutes)
- Guided Practice (15 minutes)
- Independent Practice (15 minutes)
- Exit Card Formative Assessment (5 minutes)
- Closure (5 minutes)

###### MATERIALS

- Unifix cubes (at least 50)
- Container to hold the unifix cubes
- Whiteboard and markers
- Lesson Worksheet Pack

###### VOCABULARY

- Addition
- Plus
- Sum
- Equals
- Addend

### TEACHING RESOURCES

###### CENTERS & TASK CARDS

No Centers or Task Cards Available

###### IEP GOAL WORKBOOKS

No Goals Available

###### WORKSHEET PACK

No Worksheet Packs Available

###### 5 AND 1 INTERVENTIONS

No Interventions Available

###### GAMES

###### ACTIVITIES

No Activities Available

### LESSON INSTRUCTION

###### INTRODUCTION

- Review the concept of addition and what the plus sign (+) represents with the students.
- Ask the students to give examples of addition sentences they already know.
- Introduce the addition concept of adding 4 by writing and solving some addition sentences on the board, such as 2 + 4 = 6 or 3 + 4 = 7.

###### INSTRUCTION

- Demonstrate how to use manipulatives (unifix cubes) to solve addition sentences adding 4.
- Show an example of how to write a number sentence to represent the problem, such as 2 + 4 = 6.
- Model how to count up from the addend (the number being added to) to find the sum.
- Provide additional examples and encourage students to participate by solving problems with the unifix cubes.

###### GUIDED PRACTICE

- Distribute a worksheet containing addition sentences adding 4 to each student.
- Work through the problems together as a class, using manipulatives to solve the problems.
- Encourage students to write number sentences to represent each problem on their worksheet.

###### INDEPENDENT PRACTICE

- Ask students to complete the rest of the worksheet independently.
- Circulate around the room to provide support and guidance as needed.

###### HOMEWORK

- Ask students to find one addition sentence adding 4 in a book or magazine and write it down.
- Instruct students to solve the problem using manipulatives or drawing pictures to represent the problem.
- Encourage students to write a number sentence to represent the problem, if possible.
- Remind students to bring their homework back to class to share with their classmates.

###### EXIT TICKET

- Provide each student with a whiteboard and marker.
- Instruct students to write a number sentence that represents an addition sentence adding 4.

###### ASSESSMENT

- Ask students to share one addition sentence adding 4 they solved and how they solved it.
- Use their responses to assess their understanding of the addition concept of adding 4.

###### CLOSURE

- Review with students what they learned about addition and the addition concept of adding 4.
- Encourage students to practice solving addition sentences adding 4 using manipulatives and writing number sentences to represent the problems.

###### EXTENSION

- Students can practice solving addition sentences adding other numbers (e.g., adding 5 or adding 6).
- Students can practice solving addition sentences without manipulatives.
- Students can create their own addition sentences adding 4 and share them with their classmates.

###### INTERVENTION

- For students who struggle with fine motor skills, larger and easier to grasp manipulatives can be used.
- For students who need extra support, a visual aid or diagram can be provided to help them understand the concept of addition and the addition concept of adding 4. Additionally, more practice problems or one-on-one instruction may be necessary.

###### VIDEOS

No Video Available

### TEACHING TIPS

- Use concrete manipulatives like unifix cubes to help students visualize the addition process.
- Encourage students to write number sentences to represent the addition problems, which reinforces their understanding of the concept.
- Provide opportunities for students to practice the addition concept of adding 4 in different contexts, such as word problems or real-life situations.

### STUDENT MISCONCEPTIONS

- Some students may confuse addition with subtraction. It's important to review the difference between the two concepts and provide clear examples of each.
- Some students may struggle with counting and skip numbers in the addition process. Encourage them to count slowly and accurately, using manipulatives if needed.
- Some students may struggle with writing number sentences. Provide guided practice and encourage them to use the correct mathematical symbols (+, =) and order of operations.

### STANDARD

##### Common Core Standard:

1.OA.C.6 - Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10. Use strategies such as counting on; making ten; decomposing a number leading to a ten; using the relationship between addition and subtraction.

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