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# Lesson Plan

### First (1) - Math ### LEARNING TARGET

• Students will be able to read and understand addition word problems.
• Students will be able to use manipulatives to solve addition word problems.
• Students will be able to write number sentences to represent addition word problems. ### LEARNING PROGRESSION

###### PREREQUISITE SKILL
• Students will be able to add within 20 using the counting on strategy.
• Students will be able to add within 20 using the making 10 strategy.
• Students will demonstrate fluency in addition within 10.
###### EXTENSION SKILL

Addition - Write an addition sentence that fits the story - sums up to 20

###### DURATION
• Introduction (5 minutes)
• Instruction (15 minutes)
• Guided Practice (15 minutes)
• Independent Practice (15 minutes)
• Exit Card Formative Assessment (5 minutes)
• Closure (5 minutes)
###### MATERIALS
• Manipulatives (counters, cubes, etc.)
• Whiteboard and markers
• Worksheet packet
• Number line
• Smartboard or projector
###### VOCABULARY
• Plus
• Total
• How many in all
• Sum ### TEACHING RESOURCES No Centers or Task Cards Available

###### IEP GOAL WORKBOOKS No Goals Available

###### WORKSHEET PACK No Worksheet Packs Available

###### 5 AND 1 INTERVENTIONS No Interventions Available

###### GAMES ###### ACTIVITIES No Activities Available ### LESSON INSTRUCTION

###### INTRODUCTION
1. Review with students what addition means and what the plus sign (+) represents.
2. Explain to students that addition is putting two or more sets of objects together to find the total amount.
3. Show an example of an addition sentence, such as "3 + 2 = 5," and explain that it means we start with 3 objects, add 2 more, and end up with 5.
###### INSTRUCTION
1. Introduce the concept of addition word problems by showing an example problem, such as "James has 3 markers. Kyle has 2 markers. How many do they have in all?" Write the problem on the whiteboard.
2. Model how to use manipulatives to solve the problem. Start with 3 cubes, add 2 more, and count how many there are in all.
3. Show students how to write a number sentence to represent the problem: "3 + 2 = 5."
4. Use the smartboard or projector to display addition word problem cards and solve them together as a class, using manipulatives and number sentences.
5. Explain the importance of underlining or circling the key words or phrases in the problem to help understand what needs to be done.
###### GUIDED PRACTICE
1. Provide students with a worksheet containing addition word problems.
2. Work through the problems together as a class, using manipulatives to solve the problems and writing number sentences to represent each problem.
3. Encourage students to underline or circle the key words or phrases in the problem.

###### INDEPENDENT PRACTICE
1. Provide students with another worksheet of addition word problems to complete independently.
2. Circulate around the room to provide support and guidance as needed.
3. Provide a number line for students who need additional support with counting or adding.

###### HOMEWORK
1. Ask students to create their own addition word problem using manipulatives or drawings.
2. Encourage students to write a number sentence to represent their problem, if possible.

###### EXIT TICKET
1. Provide each student with an addition word problem card and a whiteboard and marker.
2. Instruct students to solve the problem using manipulatives and write a number sentence to represent the problem.

###### ASSESSMENT
1. Ask students to share one addition word problem they solved and how they solved it.
2. Use their responses to assess their understanding of addition word problems.

###### CLOSURE
2. Encourage students to practice solving addition word problems using manipulatives and writing number sentences to represent the problems.

###### EXTENSION
1. Students can practice solving addition word problems with larger numbers.
2. Students can practice solving addition word problems mentally without manipulatives.
3. Students can create addition word problems for their classmates to solve.
###### INTERVENTION
1. For students who struggle with fine motor skills, larger and easier to grasp manipulatives can be used.
2. For students who need extra support, a visual aid or diagram can be provided to help them understand the concept of addition word problems.
3. For students who need additional support with counting or adding, a number line or hundred chart can be provided.
###### VIDEOS

No Video Available ### TEACHING TIPS

• Use real-life examples to help students understand the relevance of addition word problems.
• Encourage students to work in pairs or small groups to discuss and solve problems together.
• Provide opportunities for students to create their own addition word problems and share them with the class. ### STUDENT MISCONCEPTIONS

• Confusing addition with subtraction or multiplication.
• Difficulty understanding the language used in word problems.
• Misunderstanding the concept of "in all" or "total" in word problems. ### STANDARD

##### Common Core Standard:

1.OA.A.1 - Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

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