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# Lesson Plan

## Understand addition - Words to addition to 10 (+ and =)

### First (1) - Math

### LEARNING TARGET

- Students will be able to read and understand the sentence "seven plus one is eight."
- Students will be able to write an addition sentence using + and = signs to represent the sentence "seven plus one is eight."

### LEARNING PROGRESSION

###### PREREQUISITE SKILL

- Students will be able to read addition models and identify the correct addition sentence that matches.
- Students will be able to demonstrate their understanding of addition by creating their own addition models.

###### EXTENSION SKILL

Understand addition - null

###### DURATION

- Introduction (5 minutes)
- Instruction (15 minutes)
- Guided Practice (15 minutes)
- Independent Practice (15 minutes)
- Exit Card Formative Assessment (5 minutes)
- Closure (5 minutes)

###### MATERIALS

- Whiteboard and markers
- Chart paper
- Manipulatives (such as counters or cubes)
- Worksheets with word problems
- Worksheets for independent practice

###### VOCABULARY

- Addition
- Plus
- Equals

### TEACHING RESOURCES

###### CENTERS & TASK CARDS

No Centers or Task Cards Available

###### IEP GOAL WORKBOOKS

No Goals Available

###### WORKSHEET PACK

No Worksheet Packs Available

###### 5 AND 1 INTERVENTIONS

No Interventions Available

###### GAMES

###### ACTIVITIES

No Activities Available

### LESSON INSTRUCTION

###### INTRODUCTION

- Begin by reviewing addition and what it means to add numbers together.
- Tell students that today, they will learn how to take a sentence with numbers in it and turn it into a math problem using addition.
- Write the sentence "seven plus one is eight" on the whiteboard and read it aloud with the class.
- Ask students if they know what the sentence means.

###### INSTRUCTION

- Explain to students that the sentence "seven plus one is eight" means that if we take seven things and add one more thing, we will have a total of eight things.
- Write the sentence "seven plus one is eight" on chart paper.
- Model how to convert the sentence into an addition sentence using the symbols + and =. Write "7 + 1 =" on the chart paper and ask students what the answer is. Write "8" after the = sign.
- Repeat the process with another sentence or two.

###### GUIDED PRACTICE

- Hand out worksheets with word problems.
- Read each problem aloud as a class and ask students to identify the numbers in the sentence.
- Model how to write an addition sentence to represent the sentence, using the symbols + and =. For example, if the sentence is "I have five apples and my friend gives me two more, how many apples do I have?" write "5 + 2 =" and ask students to solve the problem.
- Work through the first few problems as a class.
- Then, divide students into small groups and have them work together to convert the remaining sentences into addition sentences.

###### INDEPENDENT PRACTICE

- Hand out worksheets for independent practice.
- Instruct students to read the sentence and write an addition sentence to represent it.
- Circulate around the room to provide support and guidance as needed.

###### HOMEWORK

- Ask students to create their own word problem and write an addition sentence to represent it.
- Encourage students to use manipulatives or draw pictures to help them create their word problem and to solve it.
- Remind students to bring their homework back to class to share with their classmates.

Note: Homework should be optional and not graded. It is important to provide a balance between schoolwork and home life, and to ensure that students have enough time to rest and engage in other activities.

###### EXIT TICKET

- Provide each student with a whiteboard and marker.
- Instruct students to write an addition sentence that represents a sentence you read aloud.

###### ASSESSMENT

- Ask students to share one word problem they solved and the addition sentence they wrote to represent it.
- Use their responses to assess their understanding of converting word problems into addition sentences.

###### CLOSURE

- Review with students what they learned about converting word problems into addition sentences.
- Encourage students to practice writing addition sentences to represent word problems they encounter in their daily lives.

###### EXTENSION

- Students can practice converting word problems into subtraction or multiplication sentences.
- Students can work on more complex word problems that involve multiple steps.
- Students can create word problems for their classmates to solve.

###### INTERVENTION

- For students who struggle with fine motor skills, larger and easier to grasp manipulatives can be used.
- For students who need extra support, a visual aid or diagram can be provided to help them understand how to convert word problems into addition sentences.
- For students who struggle with reading, provide support by reading the word problems aloud or offering simplified versions of the problems.

###### VIDEOS

No Video Available

### TEACHING TIPS

- Use manipulatives and visual aids to help students better understand the concept of addition.
- Encourage students to explain their thinking and strategies aloud to reinforce their understanding of the material.
- Offer differentiated instruction to support diverse learners, such as modified word problems or extra practice worksheets.

### STUDENT MISCONCEPTIONS

- Students may struggle to identify the important numbers and operations in word problems.
- Students may confuse addition with subtraction or multiplication.
- Students may struggle to write addition sentences in the correct order or format.

### STANDARD

##### Common Core Standard:

1.OA.B.3 - Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract.2 Examples: If 8 + 3 = 11 is known, then 3 + 8 = 11 is also known. (Commutative property of addition.) To add 2 + 6 + 4, the second two numbers can be added to make a ten, so 2 + 6 + 4 = 2 + 10 = 12. (Associative property of addition.)

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