top of page

Lesson Plan

Consonants and vowels - Vowel Identification

Kindergarten (K) - ELA

Special Education Teaching Resources and IEP Goal Bank | TeachTastic

LEARNING TARGET

  • Students will be able to identify the vowels in spoken or written words.
  • Students will be able to differentiate between vowels and consonants.
Special Education Teaching Resources and IEP Goal Bank | TeachTastic

LEARNING PROGRESSION

PREREQUISITE SKILL

  • Students will be able to recognize and name all upper case letters of the alphabet.

EXTENSION SKILL

  • Students will identify and sort vowels and consonants.
  • Students will demonstrate the understanding of the difference between vowels and consonants.

DURATION

  • Introduction (5 minutes)
  • Instruction (15 minutes)
  • Guided Practice (15 minutes)
  • Independent Practice (15 minutes)
  • Exit Card Formative Assessment (5 minutes)
  • Closure (5 minutes)

MATERIALS

  • Flashcards with words
  • Small whiteboards and markers
  • Vowel chart (A, E, I, O, U)

VOCABULARY

  • Vowel
  • Consonant
  • Word
Special Education Teaching Resources and IEP Goal Bank | TeachTastic

TEACHING RESOURCES

CENTERS & TASK CARDS

Touch Counting Math Center| TeachTastic IEP Teaching Resources

No Centers or Task Cards Available

IEP GOAL WORKBOOKS

Touch Counting Math Center| TeachTastic IEP Teaching Resources

No Goals Available

WORKSHEET PACKS

Touch Counting Math Center| TeachTastic IEP Teaching Resources

No Worksheet Packs Available

5 AND 1 INTERVENTIONS

Touch Counting Math Center| TeachTastic IEP Teaching Resources

No Interventions Available

GAMES

Touch Counting Math Center| TeachTastic IEP Teaching Resources

No Games Available

ACTIVITIES

Touch Counting Math Center| TeachTastic IEP Teaching Resources

No Activities Available

Special Education Teaching Resources and IEP Goal Bank | TeachTastic

LESSON INSTRUCTION

INTRODUCTION

  1. Begin the lesson by reviewing the letters of the alphabet and their sounds.
  2. Introduce the concept of vowels by explaining that vowels are special letters that make different sounds and are an important part of words.
  3. Show the flashcards with vowel letters and pronounce their sounds (a as in apple, e as in elephant, i as in igloo, o as in octopus, u as in umbrella).
  4. Explain that today, students will learn how to identify vowels in spoken words and written words.

INSTRUCTION

  1. Display picture cards with words containing both vowels and consonants (e.g., cat, dog, sun, tree, apple).
  2. Ask students to listen as you say each word and identify the vowel sound they hear.
  3. Explain that vowels are usually the letters 'a,' 'e,' 'i,' 'o,' and 'u' and that they appear in the middle or at the end of most words.
  4. Model identifying the vowel sound in a few words and have students repeat after you.

GUIDED PRACTICE

  1. Show students a word on the whiteboard (e.g., "dog").
  2. Ask a student to come up and identify the vowel sound in the word.
  3. Have students take turns identifying the vowel sounds in different words.

    INDEPENDENT PRACTICE

    1. Distribute letter manipulatives to each student.
    2. Display a picture card with a word on the board (e.g., "cat").
    3. Ask students to find the vowel letter that matches the vowel sound in the word and place it under the picture.
    4. Provide a few more examples for practice.

      HOMEWORK

      • Assign a worksheet with pictures of different objects.
      • Ask students to circle the vowel in each word.

        EXIT TICKET

        • Assign a worksheet with pictures of different objects.
        • Ask students to circle the vowel in each word.

          ASSESSMENT

          • Use a vowel and consonant sorting activity.
          • Provide students with a set of words and have them categorize them as either containing vowels or consonants.

            CLOSURE

            • Recap what students learned about identifying vowels in spoken and written words.
            • Ask students to share one new thing they learned today.

              EXTENSION

              • Challenge advanced students to come up with words that have more than one vowel.
              • Have students think of words that start with vowels.

              INTERVENTION

              • Provide additional practice with identifying vowel sounds using words with clear and distinct vowel sounds.
              • Work with struggling students in a small group setting to reinforce vowel identification.
              • Use larger letter manipulatives for students who have difficulty handling small letters.

              VIDEOS

              No Video Available

              Special Education Teaching Resources and IEP Goal Bank | TeachTastic

              TEACHING TIPS

              1. Use multisensory approaches: Incorporate visuals, manipulatives, and auditory cues to reinforce vowel recognition.
              2. Provide real-life examples: Show students how vowels appear in their names and common words they use.
              3. Offer corrective feedback: Address misconceptions immediately and encourage peer-to-peer explanation for better understanding.
              Special Education Teaching Resources and IEP Goal Bank | TeachTastic

              STUDENT MISCONCEPTIONS

              1. Confusing vowel and consonant sounds.
              2. Thinking all vowels are the same.
              3. Believing vowels are only found at the beginning of words.
              Special Education Teaching Resources and IEP Goal Bank | TeachTastic

              STANDARD

              Common Core Standard:

              L.K.2.C - Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes).

              bottom of page