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# Lesson Plan

## Addition - Word Problems with Pictures

### LEARNING TARGET

• Students will be able to understand and solve addition word problems within 20.
• Students will be able to use pictures to represent addition word problems.
• Students will be able to write number sentences based on the word problems.

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EXTENSION SKILL

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### DURATION

• Introduction (5 minutes)
• Instruction (15 minutes)
• Guided Practice (15 minutes)
• Independent Practice (15 minutes)
• Exit Card Formative Assessment (5 minutes)
• Closure (5 minutes)

### MATERIALS

• Word problems (at least 5)
• Whiteboard and markers
• Paper and pencils for students

### VOCABULARY

• Word problem
• Picture
• Number sentence

### TEACHING RESOURCES

No Centers or Task Cards Available

IEP GOAL WORKBOOKS

No Goals Available

WORKSHEET PACKS

No Worksheet Packs Available

5 AND 1 INTERVENTIONS

No Interventions Available

### GAMES

No Games Available

### ACTIVITIES

No Activities Available

### INTRODUCTION

1. Ask students if they remember what addition is and have a few students share their answers.
2. Explain that today, they will learn how to solve addition word problems using pictures.

### INSTRUCTION

1. Write an addition word problem on the whiteboard, such as "There are 8 apples and 6 oranges. How many fruits are there in total?"
2. Model how to draw a picture representing the problem, such as drawing 8 apples and 6 oranges.
3. Show how to write a number sentence based on the problem (8 + 6 = ?) and solve it.
4. Repeat with another word problem, and have students follow along and draw the picture and write the number sentence.

### GUIDED PRACTICE

1. Divide the students into pairs.
2. Give each pair a word problem and have them work together to draw a picture representing the problem, write a number sentence, and solve it.
3. Circulate around the room to provide support and guidance as needed.
4. Have pairs share their word problem, picture, and number sentence with the class.

### INDEPENDENT PRACTICE

1. Provide each student with a new word problem.
2. Instruct students to work independently to draw a picture representing the problem, write a number sentence, and solve it.
3. Monitor students' progress and provide support as needed.

### HOMEWORK

1. Assign students to create their own addition word problems and solve them using pictures.
2. Encourage students to share their word problems with their family members and explain how they solved them using pictures.

### EXIT TICKET

1. Provide each student with a small piece of paper (exit card).
2. Instruct students to write a number sentence from one of the word problems they solved during the lesson.
3. Collect the exit cards to assess students' understanding of solving addition word problems using pictures.

### ASSESSMENT

1. Formative assessments will be conducted during the lesson to monitor students' understanding of solving addition word problems using pictures.
2. The exit card and progress monitoring assessments will be used to determine students' mastery of solving addition word problems using pictures.

### CLOSURE

1. Review the steps to solve addition word problems using pictures (read the problem, draw a picture, write a number sentence, and solve).
2. Ask students to share one thing they learned during the lesson or one strategy they used to solve the word problems.

### EXTENSION

1. Students can practice solving subtraction word problems using pictures.
2. Students can create their own word problems and exchange them with a partner to solve.
3. Introduce word problems with missing addends, where students need to find the missing number in the number sentence (e.g., 4 + ? = 9).

### INTERVENTION

1. For students who struggle with reading or comprehending word problems, provide additional support through one-on-one instruction or by reading the problems aloud.
2. Provide visual aids or manipulatives (such as counting bears or number lines) for students who need extra support in solving addition problems.
3. Scaffold the lesson by starting with simpler word problems (within 10) and gradually increasing the difficulty as students gain confidence in solving addition word problems using pictures.

### VIDEOS

No Video Available

### TEACHING TIPS

• Use real-life examples of addition word problems to make the lesson more relatable for students.
• Encourage students to explain their thinking and reasoning when solving word problems, promoting a deeper understanding of the concept.
• Provide positive reinforcement and praise to students as they successfully solve word problems, boosting their confidence in their mathematical abilities.

### STUDENT MISCONCEPTIONS

• Some students may confuse addition with subtraction when solving word problems. Remind them to look for keywords in the problem that indicate addition.
• Students may struggle with drawing pictures to represent word problems. Provide examples and model the process to help them visualize the problem.
• Some students might focus only on the numbers in the word problem and not fully understand the context. Encourage them to read the problem carefully and think about the situation described.

### STANDARD

##### Common Core Standard:

1.OA.A.1 - Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

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