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# Lesson Plan

## Time - Digital and Analog Clock 5 minutes - Matching

### Second (2) - Math

### LEARNING TARGET

- Students will be able to read time on analog and digital clocks to five-minute intervals.
- Students will be able to match analog and digital clocks with the same time.

### LEARNING PROGRESSION

###### PREREQUISITE SKILL

- Students will be able to read and interpret time on analog clocks to the nearest five-minute interval.
- Students will be able to match analog clocks with the corresponding time to the nearest five-minute interval.
- Students will be able to explain how to read and match analog clocks.

###### EXTENSION SKILL

- Students will be able to read and interpret time on analog clocks at five-minute intervals.
- Students will be able to write the time that the clock displays at five-minute intervals.
- Students will be able to explain their thought processes when reading and writing time on an analog clock.

###### DURATION

45 minutes

###### MATERIALS

- Analog and digital clock displays
- Clock face templates with movable hands
- Worksheets with clock faces and digital time displays

###### VOCABULARY

- Analog clock
- Digital clock
- Hour hand
- Minute hand
- Five-minute interval

### TEACHING RESOURCES

###### IEP GOAL WORKBOOKS

**What is a Math IEP Objective Workbook?**

- 40 daily fluency assignments
- 8 student self-monitoring progress sheets with weekly goal setting
- 2 baseline assessments
- 8 formative assessments
- 1 present level of performance data tracking sheet (Perfect for progress reporting and IEP meetings)
- Teacher answer keys

###### 5 AND 1 INTERVENTIONS

No Interventions Available

###### GAMES

###### ACTIVITIES

No Activities Available

### LESSON INSTRUCTION

###### INTRODUCTION

- Begin by explaining to the students that telling time is an important life skill. It helps us know when to wake up, go to school, eat lunch, and go to bed.
- Show examples of analog and digital clocks and ask the students if they know how to tell time on them.
- Explain that today, they will be learning how to read time on both analog and digital clocks to five minute intervals.

###### INSTRUCTION

- Demonstrate how to read the hour and minute hand on an analog clock. Start with the hour hand and explain that it points to the hour, and the minute hand points to the minutes. Emphasize that when the minute hand is pointing to the 12, it means it is at the top of the clock and that it moves clockwise around the clock.
- Demonstrate how to read a digital clock. Explain that the numbers on a digital clock show the hour and minutes. Show examples of different times on both analog and digital clocks.
- Explain that skip counting by fives can be a helpful strategy for reading time on an analog clock. Show the students how to count by fives starting from the 12 on the clock face. For example, to read the time 3:25, count by fives: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25. This means that the minute hand is pointing to the 5 on the clock face, and the hour hand is between the 3 and the 4.
- Provide an overview of how to match an analog clock with a digital clock showing the same time and vice versa. Explain that the hour and minute hand positions on an analog clock correspond to the numbers on a digital clock.

###### GUIDED PRACTICE

- Distribute clock face templates with movable hands to each student. Have them practice setting their clocks to different times as you say them out loud.
- Demonstrate how to match an analog clock with a digital clock showing the same time and vice versa, using a whiteboard to draw examples. Encourage the students to explain how they found the matching time.

###### INDEPENDENT PRACTICE

- Distribute a worksheet with different times shown on both analog and digital clocks. Have students write the correct time for each clock and then match the analog and digital clocks that show the same time.
- Provide individual support and guidance as needed.

###### HOMEWORK

- Assign students to tell time on different analog and digital clocks around their homes and record it in their journals.
- Encourage them to use skip counting by fives to help them read the time on analog clocks.

###### EXIT TICKET

- Provide each student with an exit card that contains several analog and digital clocks showing different times.
- Instruct students to match the analog clock with the digital clock that shows the same time and vice versa. Collect the exit cards to assess the students' understanding of the concept.

###### ASSESSMENT

- Provide each student with an assessment sheet that contains several time-related word problems.
- Instruct students to read the problem, draw an analog or digital clock to represent the time given, and write the corresponding time in both analog and digital formats.
- Collect the assessment sheets to evaluate the students' understanding of the concept.
- This skill mastery level is measured by 8/10 questions.

###### CLOSURE

- Review the main concepts covered in the lesson, such as skip counting by fives, matching analog and digital clocks, and solving time-related word problems.
- Emphasize the importance of being able to read time on both analog and digital clocks to five minute intervals.
- Encourage the students to share their thoughts about the lesson and any challenges they faced.

###### EXTENSION

- Provide students with time-related word problems involving quarter-hour and half-hour intervals and ask them to solve these problems using analog and digital clocks.
- In pairs, have students create their own time-related word problems that involve specific times and durations, and then exchange them with their partner to solve.
- Using analog and digital clocks, introduce the concept of elapsed time by having students calculate the duration of events or activities, such as a soccer game or a movie. Then, have them practice finding the difference between two times to determine the elapsed time.

###### INTERVENTION

- For students who struggle with fine motor skills, provide larger clock face templates and clock hands for them to use during guided and independent practice.
- For students needing extra support, provide additional practice problems that gradually increase in difficulty to help build their skills. Offer one-on-one guidance during independent practice to address individual needs.
- For visual learners, utilize visual aids, such as pictures or diagrams, to help them understand the concepts. Provide visual examples of time-related word problems to support their learning.

###### VIDEOS

No Video Available

### TEACHING TIPS

- Use real-life examples to help students understand the relevance of telling time.
- Use visuals such as pictures, diagrams, or videos to support learning.
- Use hands-on activities to reinforce the concept of time-telling.

### STUDENT MISCONCEPTIONS

- Students may confuse the hour and minute hand on an analog clock.
- Students may not understand how to match an analog clock with a digital clock.
- Students may struggle to count by fives to read time on an analog clock.

### STANDARD

##### Common Core Standard:

2.MD.C.7 - Tell and write time from analog and digital clocks to the nearest five minutes, using a.m. and p.m.

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