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# Lesson Plan

## Time - Words o'clock, half, quarter - Read and Write

### LEARNING TARGET

• Students will be able to identify time words such as o'clock, half past, quarter till, and a quarter after.
• Students will be able to use time words in a sentence to describe the time shown on a clock model.
• Students will be able to tell time to the hour, half hour, quarter hour, and five-minute intervals.

### PREREQUISITE SKILL

• Students will be able to identify elapsed time in hours and minutes.
• Students will be able to solve elapsed time word problems using subtraction.
• Students will be able to explain their thought process when solving elapsed time word problems.

EXTENSION SKILL

• Students will be able to read and interpret time to five-minute intervals on digital clocks.
• Students will be able to match a digital clock with the corresponding time and vice versa.
• Students will be able to explain their thought processes when solving time-related problems.

• 45 minutes

### MATERIALS

• Clock models (one per student or pair of students)
• Whiteboard and markers
• Sentence strips
• Vocabulary cards

### VOCABULARY

• O'clock
• Half past
• Quarter till
• A quarter after
• Time

### TEACHING RESOURCES

Teach N Go Math Centers: A scaffolded and differentiated math learning experience with 12-24 task cards per center. Hyper-targeted to student needs.

IEP GOAL WORKBOOKS

No Goals Available

WORKSHEET PACKS

This Second Grade math worksheet pack focuses on Time Words: o'clock, half, and quarter. Perfect for supplemental or intervention learning, it includes engaging activities for reading and writing time. Students will develop their time-telling skills and gain a solid understanding of these important concepts.

5 AND 1 INTERVENTIONS

No Interventions Available

### GAMES

No Games Available

### ACTIVITIES

No Activities Available

### INTRODUCTION

1. Begin the lesson by displaying a clock model with the time shown.
2. Ask students to identify the time shown on the clock model.
3. Explain to students that they will be learning how to use time words in sentences to describe the time shown on a clock model.
4. Display the vocabulary cards and explain each term.

### INSTRUCTION

1. Demonstrate to the students how to use time words to describe the time shown on a clock model.
2. Start with a clock model showing a time, such as 3:00. Ask students what time is shown and have them respond with "It is three o'clock."
3. Show a clock model showing 3:30 and ask students what time is shown. Have them respond with "It is half past three."
4. Provide additional examples for the other time words, such as "It is quarter till three" for a clock model showing 2:45 and "It is a quarter after three" for a clock model showing 3:15.
5. Model how to use the sentence strips to write a sentence using a time word to describe the time shown on a clock model.
6. Write a sample sentence on the board, such as "It is half past two," and ask students to read it aloud.

### GUIDED PRACTICE

1. Provide students with a clock model and ask them to identify the time shown.
2. Have students work in pairs to use a sentence strip to write a sentence using a time word to describe the time shown on the clock model.
3. Walk around the room to provide guidance and support as needed.

### INDEPENDENT PRACTICE

1. Provide each student with a clock model and a sentence strip.
2. Have students work independently to write a sentence using a time word to describe the time shown on their clock model.
3. Collect the sentence strips to assess students' understanding of the concept.

### HOMEWORK

1. Provide students with a clock model and ask them to write a sentence using a time word to describe the time shown.
2. Encourage students to practice telling time to the hour, half hour, quarter hour, and five-minute intervals at home.

### EXIT TICKET

1. To assess students' understanding of using time words to describe the time shown on a clock model, provide each student with an exit ticket that contains several clock models and corresponding blank sentence strips.
2. Instruct students to write a sentence using a time word to describe the time shown on each clock model.
3. Collect the exit tickets to quickly assess students' understanding of the concept and identify any areas that may require further instruction or support.

### ASSESSMENT

1. To assess students' understanding of using time words to describe the time shown on a clock model, provide each student with an assessment sheet that contains several clock models and corresponding blank sentence strips.
2. Instruct students to write a sentence using a time word to describe the time shown on each clock model.
3. Collect the assessment sheets to evaluate students' understanding of the concept and identify any areas requiring further instruction or support.

### CLOSURE

1. Recap with the class what they learned in the lesson about using time words to describe the time shown on a clock model.
2. Have students share one sentence they wrote using a time word to describe the time shown on their clock model.
3. Encourage students to practice telling time to the hour, half hour, quarter hour, and five-minute intervals outside of class.

### EXTENSION

1. For students who have mastered telling time to the hour, half hour, quarter hour, and five-minute intervals, provide them with additional clock models that require them to tell time to the minute.
2. Students can work in pairs to create their own clock models and write sentences using time words to describe the time shown.
3. Provide students with a worksheet containing several sentences and ask them to identify the time word used in each sentence.

### INTERVENTION

1. For students who struggle with telling time, provide additional instruction and practice with clock models that show times to the hour, half hour, quarter hour, and five-minute intervals.
2. Provide visual aids, such as posters or anchor charts, that illustrate the different time words and their meanings.
3. For students who need extra support, provide them with sentence starters to help them write a sentence using a time word to describe the time shown on a clock model.

### VIDEOS

No Video Available

### TEACHING TIPS

1. Use visual aids, such as clock models and vocabulary cards, to reinforce the concept of time words.
2. Encourage students to practice telling time outside of class using both digital and analog clocks.
3. Provide opportunities for students to work in pairs to write sentences using time words to describe the time shown on a clock model.

### STUDENT MISCONCEPTIONS

1. Confusing quarter past and quarter till.
2. Difficulty understanding the concept of half past.
3. Mixing up the order of the hour and minute hands on an analog clock.

### STANDARD

##### Common Core Standard:

2.MD.C.7 - Tell and write time from analog and digital clocks to the nearest five minutes, using a.m. and p.m.

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