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# Lesson Plan

## Understand multiplication - Write multiplication sentences

### Third (3) - Math ### LEARNING TARGET

• Students will be able to write multiplication sentences for equal groups.
• Students will understand the concept of multiplication as repeated addition.
• Students will apply their knowledge to solve problems related to equal groups. ### LEARNING PROGRESSION

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45 minutes

###### MATERIALS
• Whiteboard and markers
• Manipulatives (e.g., counters or circles)
• Worksheets with problems related to the topic
• Exit tickets
###### VOCABULARY
• Multiplication Sentence
• Equal Groups
• Repetition
• Product ### TEACHING RESOURCES No Centers or Task Cards Available

###### IEP GOAL WORKBOOKS No Goals Available

###### WORKSHEET PACKS No Worksheet Packs Available

###### 5 AND 1 INTERVENTIONS No Interventions Available

###### GAMES No Games Available

###### ACTIVITIES No Activities Available ### LESSON INSTRUCTION

###### INTRODUCTION

Begin the lesson by welcoming the students with enthusiasm. Create a positive learning environment by smiling and greeting each student individually.

Display Learning Objectives: Write the learning objectives on the board so that students are aware of what they will learn during the lesson.

Activate Prior Knowledge: Ask students to recall what they know about equal groups and multiplication. Use an example narrative like, "Remember when we talked about groups of objects and how multiplication helps us find out how many objects there are in total? Today, we're going to dive deeper into that concept."

Importance of Learning: Explain to the students why learning about multiplication for equal groups is important. For example, you could say, "Multiplication is like a superpower in math! It helps us solve problems quickly and find the total when we have equal groups of things. It's a skill that will be useful in many areas of your life."

###### INSTRUCTION

Use visual aids such as charts or manipulatives (e.g., circles) to present the concept of equal groups.

Explain the Topic: Clearly explain the topic. Use simple language and provide definitions for terms like "equal groups" and "multiplication sentence." For example, "Equal groups are groups that have the same number of items in each group. A multiplication sentence helps us find out how many items are in total in these groups."

Provide Clear Examples: Show examples of equal groups and how to write multiplication sentences. For instance, if you have two circles, each with two sets of circles inside, demonstrate writing 2x2=4.

###### GUIDED PRACTICE

Lead the class in a guided practice session to reinforce the topic.

Encourage Questions: Encourage students to ask questions and offer explanations as you solve problems together. For example, "Can someone explain how we wrote 2x2=4 for our example with circles?"

Increase Complexity: Gradually increase the complexity of the problems. Start with simple examples and then move on to more challenging ones as students gain confidence. For instance, you can go from 2x2 to 3x3.

###### INDEPENDENT PRACTICE

Distribute worksheets with a variety of problems related to equal groups.

Instructions: Instruct students to complete the problems independently, applying the concepts they've learned. Provide an example narrative such as, "Now, it's time for you to show what you've learned. Complete the problems on your worksheet just like we did together."

Circulate for Assistance: Circulate the classroom to provide individual assistance as needed. Encourage students to check their work and correct any mistakes.

###### HOMEWORK

Assign homework related to two-digit multiplication to reinforce the lesson's concepts.

###### EXIT TICKET

Distribute exit tickets with problems related to the topic.

Instructions: Instruct students to solve the problems on the exit ticket independently. Provide an example narrative such as, "Before we finish, please solve the problems on your exit ticket. This will help me understand how well you've grasped today's lesson."

Collect and Review: Collect the exit tickets before the end of the lesson. Review the exit ticket problems briefly as a class to ensure understanding.

###### ASSESSMENT

Use formative assessment techniques during the lesson to gauge student understanding. These can include asking questions, observing students' work, and using whiteboards for quick checks. Adjust your teaching based on their responses.

###### CLOSURE

Summarize the key points of the lesson, emphasizing the importance of multiplication for equal groups.

Review Learning Objectives: Review the learning objectives and ask students if they feel they've achieved them. For example, "Did you learn how to write multiplication sentences for equal groups today?"

Thank and Motivate: Thank the students for their participation and effort, and motivate them for the next lesson. For example, "Great job today, class! Keep practicing your multiplication skills, and I can't wait to see you excel in our next lesson."

###### EXTENSION

Extensions provide opportunities for students who grasp the concept quickly to dive deeper into the topic.

1. Real-world Applications: Challenge advanced students by discussing real-world applications of multiplication for equal groups. For example, talk about how farmers use multiplication to calculate the total number of crops in a field with rows of plants.

2. Arrays: Introduce the concept of arrays, which is closely related to equal groups. Have students create arrays using objects or drawings, reinforcing multiplication concepts.

3. Story Problems: Provide students with story problems that involve equal groups, allowing them to apply their multiplication skills to solve practical scenarios. For instance, "If each student in a class has 4 pencils, how many pencils are there in total if there are 25 students?"

###### INTERVENTION

Interventions are essential for students who may struggle with the topic.

1. Small Group Instruction: Create small groups for students who need additional support. Provide extra practice with hands-on activities and manipulatives to reinforce the concept of equal groups.

2. Visual Aids: For visual learners, use more visual aids such as drawings, diagrams, and concrete examples to illustrate the concept clearly.

3. Peer Tutoring: Pair struggling students with those who have a strong grasp of the topic. Encourage peer tutoring to reinforce understanding.

###### VIDEOS

No Video Available ### TEACHING TIPS

These teaching tips can enhance your effectiveness in teaching multiplication for equal groups.

1. Concrete Manipulatives: Use physical objects or manipulatives like counters, beans, or circles to make the concept tangible for students. It helps them visualize equal groups.

2. Relate to Everyday Life: Connect the concept to everyday life situations. For example, relate equal groups to sharing snacks among friends or organizing items into boxes.

3. Praise Effort: Encourage and praise students for their effort rather than just the correct answers. This promotes a growth mindset and a positive learning environment.

4. Formative Assessment: Continuously assess students' understanding during the lesson through questions and observations. Adjust your teaching approach based on their responses.

5. Use Technology: Incorporate educational apps or online tools that offer interactive multiplication practice. This can engage tech-savvy students and make learning more fun.

6. Differentiation: Tailor your teaching to meet the diverse needs of your students. Differentiate instruction by providing varied activities and problems based on their skill levels. ### STUDENT MISCONCEPTIONS

It's important to address potential misconceptions students might have about the topic.

1. Equal Groups vs. Random Groups: Clarify that equal groups have the same number of items in each group, as opposed to random or uneven groups. Use examples to illustrate the difference.

2. Confusion with Addition: Some students might confuse multiplication with addition. Emphasize that multiplication is a way to find the total of equal groups, while addition is used to combine different groups.

3. Notion of "Times": Ensure students understand that "times" in multiplication represents repeated addition, and it does not mean something is happening at a specific time or moment. ### STANDARD

##### Common Core Standard:

3.OA.A.1 - Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 × 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. For example, describe a context in which a total number of objects can be expressed as 5 × 7.

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