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5th Grade Math Learning Targets for Special Education | Teach

Updated: May 16, 2022

Teaching fifth-grade math comes with a lot of responsibility. You are not only teaching math concepts but also preparing students for high-stakes testing used to summarize the entire elementary school experience.

While this can be daunting, it is also an exciting time to see what students have retained and how they have grown as learners.

Because fifth-grade math is a culmination of third, fourth, and fifth-grade math learning, there is a great deal of importance that goes into analyzing the student's foundation and assessing for learning gaps. For special education teachers this is crucial and the most important we can do.

With 65 to 85% of the class time focused on five primary areas, it is important to understand how the learning targets work together, know what they include, and all the prerequisite skills needed to meet them.

Without this information, teachers are left not knowing a clear path to support students with special needs. In this article, we will walk through each of these skills to help shed some light on how the grade level so let's get started by talking about the five major learning targets students will need to master by the end of fifth grade.

Five Major Learning Standards and Targets for Fifth Grade Math

Understand the place value system

  • Convert between standard and expanded form

  • Place values in decimal numbers

  • Relationship between decimal place values

Operations with multidigit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths

  • Multiply by 2-digit numbers

  • Multiply 2-digit numbers by 2-digit numbers

  • Multiply 2-digit numbers by 3-digit numbers

  • Multiply 3-digit numbers by larger numbers

  • Multiply by 3-digit numbers in word problems

Add and subtract fractions

  • Add and subtract fractions with like denominators

  • Add fractions with unlike denominators

  • Subtract fractions with unlike denominators

  • Add 3 or more fractions with unlike denominators

  • Complete addition and subtraction sentences with fractions

  • Add mixed numbers with unlike denominators

Multiply and divide fractions

  • Multiply fractions by whole numbers

  • Fractions of a number word problems

  • Multiply two unit fractions

  • Multiply two fractions

  • Multiply a mixed number by a whole number

  • Multiply a mixed number by a fraction

  • Multiply two mixed numbers

Volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition