How To Teach Addition to 5 With Addition Model Matching to Addition Sentences

Updated: Mar 25

In this article, we are going to be learning differentiated instruction, how to teach a kindergarten intervention lesson for addition to five with model matching to addition sentences.

The lesson is segmented into the following five categories

  1. Introduction

  2. Guiding Question

  3. Teacher Modeling

  4. Independent Practice

  5. Assessment

Hi, I'm Bran Hicks with TeachTastic Publishing, where we work hard to scaffold and differentiate lessons for all different types of math intervention.

In this particular intervention we're going to be tackling addition to five with concrete models and matching to addition sentences.


Review academic vocabulary

As the teacher, you can begin this lesson with a review of the academic vocabulary

  • addition sentence

  • addition model

  • in all

  • plus

  • equals

  • concrete


In the discussion portion of this lesson, we’re going to display two blue cubes with one green cube connected. We are also going to display three orange cubes connected, placed just below them.

Ask the students

  • What do you see?

  • What do you notice?

  • Does anyone think they can make up an addition sentence that explains this model?

As you move along with the questions, there are some things to listen for and notice. Are you hearing the kids making the connections between what they see? “I see two blue cubes” and “I see one green cube” might be common things they say.

Are they able to form addition sentences or articulate that two and one is three?

Are they making the connections between the two and one, and as a bonus, are they getting “plus” and “equals” in their comments?

The lesson before this was focused on “and” and “is,” and we want the students to be hearing and saying “plus” and “equals” as many times as possible.

Those are your look-for items.

Guiding Question

“Can a concrete model show the same thing as an addition sentence with numbers?”

Now go ahead and let the students talk, sharing their previous knowledge on addition concepts, especially concepts related to “and” and “is” and putting together.

Teacher Modeling

Place cubes on the table – three green cubes and one purple cube.

The first cube has three green cubes and one purple cube. Ask “What addition sentence does this look like?” The students should be able to articulate 3 + 1 = 4.

Place the second set of cubes on the table – one green cube and two purple cubes. Say to the students, “This set of cubes has one green cube and two purple cubes. What addition sentence does this look like?”

Listening to the students, they should be getting closer to saying 1 + 2 = 3.

Pre-made addition sentences can be written up on sticky notes or scrap paper. Ask the students to match addition sentences with a model they create. Then, have them ask a friend if they agree or disagree with the model match. Whether they agree or disagree, the students must justify or explain their answers.