What Are Lesson Plans for Special Education? | Teach Tastic
Updated: May 18, 2022
Lesson plans for special education are very different than the general education counterpart. Special education lesson plans need to include missing skills and scaffolding for learners who have two or more years of deficits in learning standards-based lessons. Material and objectives vary student by student and must be differentiated.
Most importantly, special education lesson plans must be tailored to meet the IEP (Individualized Education Plan) goals for that particular student. Lesson plans must also include the student accommodations and modifications that will be used in the instruction.
In addition to individualized lesson plans, special education teachers need to keep data tracking systems for each student. This allows them to monitor student progress and update the IEP goals as needed. Differentiated instruction and data tracking are essential components of effective teaching for students with disabilities.
Without this customization, it would be very difficult for a teacher to provide an appropriate education for their students with special needs.
What are lesson plans for special education?
A lesson plan is a guide for teachers which outlines the specific details of a course or learning progression. Sometimes the learning progression is for an IEP goal or most often in support of general education standards-based instruction.
What is the difference between a general education lesson plan and a special education lesson plan?
A general education lesson plan is typically designed for all students in the classroom. A special education lesson plan must be differentiated to meet each student’s individual needs. This differentiation can include scaffolding material and objectives, accommodations, and modifications. It is important for all students to have lesson plans, but it is especially important for special education students who may need more scaffolding in order to be successful.
Why it's important to have lesson plans for special education
When it comes to teaching students with special needs, it's important that teachers have specific lesson plans in place. This ensures that all students are getting the instruction they need and that teachers are able to track the progress of each student. In addition, lesson plans help to create a consistent learning environment for students with special needs. By having well-developed plans in place, teachers can spend more time working with students one-on-one and provide the individualized attention they need.
What to think about before lesson planning?
Before creating a lesson plan, there are three key things to keep in mind:
Each of these factors plays an important role in helping to create an effective lesson plan.
A grade or skill level: This can help to ensure that the material is appropriate for the students. Skill level refers to the student's current abilities and understanding of the subject matter. When creating a lesson plan, it is important to consider the student's current level of mastery. This will help to ensure that the instruction is challenging enough, but not too difficult.
A specific objective: This states what the students will be able to do by the end of the lesson. Instructional objectives are specific goals that you want the student to achieve through the lesson. These objectives should be measurable, so you can determine if they were successfully met.
The material that will be covered: This outlines what topics will be addressed and how they will be covered. The material being covered refers to the specific topic or concept that will be taught during the lesson. It is important to select materials that are appropriate for the student's skill level and that will help achieve the instructional objectives.